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Basketball begriffe englisch

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basketball begriffe englisch

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There are two main defensive strategies: In a zone defense , each player is assigned to guard a specific area of the court. Zone defenses often allow the defense to double team the ball, a manoeuver known as a trap.

In a man-to-man defense , each defensive player guards a specific opponent. Offensive plays are more varied, normally involving planned passes and movement by players without the ball.

A quick movement by an offensive player without the ball to gain an advantageous position is known as a cut. The two plays are combined in the pick and roll , in which a player sets a pick and then "rolls" away from the pick towards the basket.

Screens and cuts are very important in offensive plays; these allow the quick passes and teamwork, which can lead to a successful basket.

Teams almost always have several offensive plays planned to ensure their movement is not predictable. On court, the point guard is usually responsible for indicating which play will occur.

Shooting is the act of attempting to score points by throwing the ball through the basket, methods varying with players and situations.

Typically, a player faces the basket with both feet facing the basket. A player will rest the ball on the fingertips of the dominant hand the shooting arm slightly above the head, with the other hand supporting the side of the ball.

The ball is usually shot by jumping though not always and extending the shooting arm. The shooting arm, fully extended with the wrist fully bent, is held stationary for a moment following the release of the ball, known as a follow-through.

Players often try to put a steady backspin on the ball to absorb its impact with the rim. The ideal trajectory of the shot is somewhat controversial, but generally a proper arc is recommended.

Players may shoot directly into the basket or may use the backboard to redirect the ball into the basket.

The two most common shots that use the above described setup are the set shot and the jump shot. The set shot is taken from a standing position, with neither foot leaving the floor, typically used for free throws, and in other circumstances while the jump shot is taken in mid-air, the ball released near the top of the jump.

This provides much greater power and range, and it also allows the player to elevate over the defender. Failure to release the ball before the feet return to the floor is considered a traveling violation.

Another common shot is called the lay-up. This shot requires the player to be in motion toward the basket, and to "lay" the ball "up" and into the basket, typically off the backboard the backboard-free, underhand version is called a finger roll.

The most crowd-pleasing and typically highest-percentage accuracy shot is the slam dunk , in which the player jumps very high and throws the ball downward, through the basket while touching it.

Another shot that is becoming common [ citation needed ] is the "circus shot". A back-shot is a shot taken when the player is facing away from the basket, and may be shot with the dominant hand, or both; but there is a very low chance that the shot will be successful.

A shot that misses both the rim and the backboard completely is referred to as an air ball. A particularly bad shot, or one that only hits the backboard, is jocularly called a brick.

The hang time is the length of time a player stays in the air after jumping, either to make a slam dunk, lay-up or jump shot. The objective of rebounding is to successfully gain possession of the basketball after a missed field goal or free throw, as it rebounds from the hoop or backboard.

This plays a major role in the game, as most possessions end when a team misses a shot. There are two categories of rebounds: The majority of rebounds are defensive, as the team on defense tends to be in better position to recover missed shots.

A pass is a method of moving the ball between players. Most passes are accompanied by a step forward to increase power and are followed through with the hands to ensure accuracy.

A staple pass is the chest pass. A proper chest pass involves an outward snap of the thumbs to add velocity and leaves the defence little time to react.

Another type of pass is the bounce pass. Here, the passer bounces the ball crisply about two-thirds of the way from his own chest to the receiver.

The ball strikes the court and bounces up toward the receiver. The bounce pass takes longer to complete than the chest pass, but it is also harder for the opposing team to intercept kicking the ball deliberately is a violation.

Thus, players often use the bounce pass in crowded moments, or to pass around a defender. The overhead pass is used to pass the ball over a defender.

The outlet pass occurs after a team gets a defensive rebound. The next pass after the rebound is the outlet pass.

The crucial aspect of any good pass is it being difficult to intercept. Good passers can pass the ball with great accuracy and they know exactly where each of their other teammates prefers to receive the ball.

A special way of doing this is passing the ball without looking at the receiving teammate. This is called a no-look pass. Although some players can perform such a pass effectively, many coaches discourage no-look or behind-the-back passes, believing them to be difficult to control and more likely to result in turnovers or violations.

Dribbling is the act of bouncing the ball continuously with one hand, and is a requirement for a player to take steps with the ball.

To dribble, a player pushes the ball down towards the ground with the fingertips rather than patting it; this ensures greater control.

When dribbling past an opponent, the dribbler should dribble with the hand farthest from the opponent, making it more difficult for the defensive player to get to the ball.

It is therefore important for a player to be able to dribble competently with both hands. Good dribblers or "ball handlers" tend to bounce the ball low to the ground, reducing the distance of travel of the ball from the floor to the hand, making it more difficult for the defender to "steal" the ball.

Good ball handlers frequently dribble behind their backs, between their legs, and switch directions suddenly, making a less predictable dribbling pattern that is more difficult to defend against.

This is called a crossover, which is the most effective way to move past defenders while dribbling. A block is performed when, after a shot is attempted, a defender succeeds in altering the shot by touching the ball.

In almost all variants of play, it is illegal to touch the ball after it is in the downward path of its arc; this is known as goaltending.

Under international rules it is illegal to block a shot that is in the downward path of its arc or one that has touched the backboard until the ball has hit the rim.

After the ball hits the rim, it is again legal to touch it even though it is no longer considered as a block performed.

To block a shot, a player has to be able to reach a point higher than where the shot is released. Thus, height can be an advantage in blocking.

Players who are taller and playing the power forward or center positions generally record more blocks than players who are shorter and playing the guard positions.

However, with good timing and a sufficiently high vertical leap, even shorter players can be effective shot blockers. Guards, for whom physical coordination and ball-handling skills are crucial, tend to be the smallest players.

According to a survey given to all NBA teams, [ when? While shorter players are often at a disadvantage in certain aspects of the game, their ability to navigate quickly through crowded areas of the court and steal the ball by reaching low are strengths.

It should be noted that players regularly inflate their height. Many prospects exaggerate their height while in high school or college to make themselves more appealing to coaches and scouts, who prefer taller players.

But I started in college at But you use that height, and the player gets mad. And then you hear from his agent. So you sort of go along with the joke.

On rare occasions, some players will understate their actual heights, not to be repositioned. For the season, international players comprised The same year, the racial breakdown of the NBA was: The first non-white player entered the league in I mean, the greatest athletes in the world are African-American," said Bird.

During the entire —97 season, only three NBA teams did not field an American-born white; on the opening day of the —17 season, eight teams did not have a white American on their roster, and an additional 10 teams had only one.

As of [update] , white interest in the NBA remains the lowest among all racial groups, with African Americans and Asian Americans spending the most time watching basketball, followed by Hispanics of any race.

Variations of basketball are activities based on the game of basketball, using common basketball skills and equipment primarily the ball and basket.

Some variations are only superficial rules changes, while others are distinct games with varying degrees of basketball influences.

There are principal basketball sports with variations on basketball including Wheelchair basketball , Water basketball , Beach basketball , Slamball , Streetball and Unicycle basketball.

An earlier version of basketball, played primarily by women and girls, was Six-on-six basketball. Horseball is a game played on horseback where a ball is handled and points are scored by shooting it through a high net approximately 1.

The sport is like a combination of polo , rugby , and basketball. There is even a form played on donkeys known as Donkey basketball , but that version has come under attack from animal rights groups.

Beach basketball has grown to a very popular, widespread competitive sport. Spin-offs from basketball that are now separate sports include:.

Basketball has been adopted by various social groups, which have established their own environments and sometimes their own rules.

Such socialized forms of basketball include the following. Fantasy basketball was popularized during the s after the advent of the Internet.

Those who play this game are sometimes referred to as General Managers, who draft actual NBA players and compute their basketball statistics. Other sports websites provided the same format keeping the game interesting with participants actually owning specific players.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the sport. For the ball used in the sport, see Basketball ball. For other uses, see Basketball disambiguation.

Basketball star LeBron James attempts a layup shot. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Basketball ball , Basketball court , and Backboard basketball. This section does not cite any sources.

Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. December Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Personal foul basketball and Technical foul. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Race and ethnicity in the NBA.

The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate.

January Learn how and when to remove this template message. One-on-One , a variation in which two players will use only a small section of the court often no more than a half of a court and compete to play the ball into a single hoop.

Such games tend to emphasize individual dribbling and ball stealing skills over shooting and team play. November Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Retrieved September 14, Retrieved June 14, Schneller Gegenangriff, bei dem nach Ballgewinn sofort in Richtung gegnerischer Korb gezogen wird, noch bevor das andere Team die Verteidigungsstellung eingenommen hat.

Danach ist nur noch ein Dribbling erlaubt, wenn der Ball nach der Annahme ununterbrochen fest in der Hand gehalten wurde.

Der Spieler tippt den Ball nur noch leicht an, und schickt diesen somit erfolgreich durch den Ring. Ein Spieler punktet zweistellig und sammelt mindestens zehn Rebounds und Assists.

Schafft er das in zwei der drei Statistiken, wird von Double-Double gesprochen. Oktober immer Mittwochs Basketball live ab Vechta feiert achten Sieg in Serie ran.

Mavericks holen Allstar Porzingis ran. Der WM-Traum ist nach einem Basketball players mainly use skills such as dribbling, shooting, running, and jumping.

Basketball has been played in the Summer Olympic Games since The shot clock rule started in The first basketball game took place in , where the court was half the size of what it is today.

In the game was invented by James Naismith. The history of basket ball In early December , James Naismith, a Canadian physical education teacher at Springfield College in Springfield, Massachusetts invented an indoor game called basketball.

He invented the sport to keep his students from becoming bored during the winter. Naismith wrote the basic rules and then nailed a peach basket onto a foot tall pole.

Unlike modern basketball hoops, the bottom of the peach-basket was still there, so after a point was scored, somebody had to get the ball out of the basket with a long stick.

Over time, people made a hole at the bottom of the basket so the ball could go through more easily. The score of the first game of basketball ever played was 1 - 0.

There is a sculpture in Springfield, outside where the first game was held. This also meant that there were no set rules to the game; Naismith only observed and changed the rules accordingly.

The aim of basketball is to score more points than the other team, by shooting the ball in the basket. Baskets can be worth 1, 2, or 3 points.

The team with the most points at the end of the game wins. The court, where the game is played, is a rectangle, and at both end lines there is a goal called a "hoop" in the shape of a circle basket with the bottom cut out.

Basketball is played with two teams, with 5 players from each team on the court at one time. The maximum number of players on the bench differs by league.

In international play, a maximum of 7 players are allowed on the bench, resulting in a roster of 12 players. The NBA has player rosters; college and high school teams have player rosters.

When a player wants to substitute for another player on the court, they let the score bench know. The referees will signal for the player waiting to come into the court.

The player that went into the game is now playing and the player that was playing is sitting on the bench known as substitutes.

A game of basketball is made up of four different quarters, each ten or in the National Basketball Association , 12 minutes long. At the start of every game the referee throws the basketball up in the air, and one player from each team tries to hit it to their teammates, that is called a "jump ball.

At the start of each quarter the team who has the possession arrow pointing towards their hoop gets the ball. Then the arrow is switched, and the next team gets the ball next quarter.

Dafür müssen zweistellige Werte in drei Kategorien erreicht werden. Das ist eine Show-Veranstaltung, zu der die besten bzw. Gewinnt ein Team eine Serie ohne ein Spiel zu verlieren, nennt man das Sweep. Kohlenhydrate — gut oder schlecht? Wenn Sie fortfahren, diese Seite zu verwenden, nehmen wir an, dass Sie damit einverstanden sind. Ein Spieler punktet zweistellig und sammelt mindestens zehn Rebounds und Assists. Sorgt für besondere Jubelstürme bei Fans und Spielern des eigenen Teams und wird auch gern als "Wachmacher" des eigenen Teams eingesetzt. Der Verteidiger wehrt den Ball mit seiner Hand ab. Basketball - Dirk Nowitzki: Traininingsworld stellt die wichtigsten amerikanischen Begriffe im 3-teiligen Lexikon vor. Dieser Begriff bezeichnet einen Korberfolg, bei dem der Spieler den Ball von oben durch den Ring stopft. Abschluss eines Angriffs, bei dem der ballführende Spieler zum Korb springt und das Spielgerät mit Wucht in diesen stopft. Spektakulärer Abschluss eines Angriffs, bei dem ein Spieler den Ball hoch in Richtung Korb wirft und ein Teamkollege das Spielgerät direkt aus der Luft greift und in einer Bewegung versenkt.

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